In the United States we place high value on academic integrity or academic conduct, meaning honesty and originality in your school work. Using another scholar's words or ideas in your own work without giving them credit is called plagiarism. It is one of the main ways to violate academic integrity.
Professors take plagiarism very seriously; often they have students submit papers to an online plagiarism checker called SafeAssign. If you get caught plagiarizing you may face disciplinary measures and possibly be expelled from the University.
To read more about academic conduct go to page 35 in the International Student Handbook or the section Student Rights and Responsibilities in the Academic Policies of the University of Michigan-Flint.
Many professors will ask you to write a research paper and find articles by other scholars to support your information. It is easy to avoid plagiarizing these articles by citing them. The library provides a couple of programs to help you create and track your citations, including EasyBib.
The short videos below are about what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.
10 Types of Plagiarism [Video]. (2012, November 16). Retrieved March 10, 2014, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EF5eFeJMplA
Honesty and originality in research, homework, and publishing. Often defined in a student code or the academic policies of a school. Includes guidelines on cheating, plagiarism, and other acts of academic dishonesty.
Plagiarism / To Plagiarize
Using the words or ideas of other scholars and writers without giving them credit for their original work.
Citation / To Cite
How you identify the original source of an idea or phrase. Contains the title, the author's name, date of publication, and other information needed to locate the resource. The three main methods of citation are APA, MLA, and Chicago Style.
Paraphrase / To Paraphrase
Rewriting part of an original text using your own words and sentence structure. Use when the exact words an author uses are less important the idea being expressed. Paraphrase may be shorter, longer, or about the same length as the original. You must cite a paraphrase.
Quotation / To Quote
Using the text's exact words in your paper. Use when the original words are important. You must use quotation marks (") around the quote. You must cite a quote.
Summary / To Summarize
A short report about the main idea of the whole original text, using your own words. You should cite a summary.