Research Process

Keep track of Useful Sources as You Find Them

  • Send an article's citation information to your account with a citation management tool like Refworks or EndNote.
  • Download and save or print articles as you find them.
  • Most databases have ways to send a list of articles to your email.
  • Write down information about your sources as you find them. Include the article title, the author, and information about the journal: title, year of publication, and volume/issue numbers.
  • Carefully organize your bookmarks with meaningful titles. If you are trying to bookmark an article from the library's page, put the following URL string in front so that the library's proxy address will be activated: http://libproxy.umflint.edu:2048/login?url=

Citing Sources

Accurately documenting sources used for research is an important part of the writing and research process. Documentation is important because:

  • It is used to give credit for information originally written elsewhere.
  • Documentation enables others to find the same information again.
  • Failure to give credit for drawing on the work of others constitutes plagiarism.

For more information on plagiarism please read the Academic Policies of the University and the English Department's policy on Academic Integrity.


The library also offers workshops and webinars on the topic during the Fall and Winter semesters. Please see our listing of events for the upcoming sessions.

Citation Styles

There are many citation styles but the most popular ones are:

  • APA (American Psychological Association): for sciences and social sciences
  • MLA (Modern Language Association):  for literature, arts, and humanities
  • Chicago / Turabian:  for all subjects (mainly communication)

We have guides available at the Reference Desk to use in the library, or you can use the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University as a quick reference.

Chat with a Librarian

Other Citation Help

The resources in this box will help you with creating correctly formatted bibliographies and papers.